One of the problems in function in spastic lower extremity is plantar flexor hyperacidity which is a particular problem in patients with spasticity and high tone, as they have a high risk of developing a structural equinus deformity. This deformity can initially be compensated for by knee hyperextension thant can result in affecting function of lower extremity. The main purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of taping the plantar flexors muscles in improving lower extremity function among spastic patient particularly diagnosed with stroke.
Fifteen (15) subjects with a diagnosis of chronic stroke for six (6) months to five (5) years living in the vicinity of Binan City, Laguna had been selected as subjects for this study. The researchers used purposive sampling in choosing subjects. Subjects were composed nine (9) males and six (6) females with grade 1 to grade 2 spasticity using the Modified Ashworth Scale. The study was conducted at the respective household of the subjects.
A total of four (4) treatment sessions were received by the subjects including the baseline prior to application of tape. A pre-test was done as baseline measurement followed by application of tape on the affected limb specifically the plantarflexors. Application of tape was done by a certified kinesiology taping practitioner. On Day 2, another evaluation was done to see if there were improvements on the spasticity and functions of the patient. On Day 4, after removal of tape, another evaluation was done to see if there were improvements after the removal of tape. Modified Ashworth Scale and Joint measurement using Goniometer were used as an evaluation tool all throughout the implementation phase.
Upon gathering all the data, results showed that there was significant difference on TUG and joint measurements using goniometer among all the patients based from pretest and posttest 1 during the course of the study. This means that the results decrease significantly up to day two only but was relatively the same on the third and fourth day. However, measurements obtained during the last day of implementation were still significantly higher compared to pretest. Therefore, the taping technique helped to temporarily decrease the spasticity of the affected lower extremity of the patient.